Uko hapa: NyumbaniNchiNchiTaarifa Zote Kuhusu Tanzania

Taarifa Zote

Inapatikana:

Kuingia huku kunabainisha eneo la eneo la nchi, nchi za jirani, na maji ya karibu. Orodha ya uwanja wa eneo
Afrika Mashariki, inayopakana na Bahari ya Hindi, kati ya Kenya na Msumbiji

Uratibu wa kijiografia: Ingizo hili linajumuisha takwimu za latitudo na longitudo iliyozunguka kwa sentimita au kituo cha nchi iliyoonyeshwa kwa digrii na dakika; inategemea maeneo yaliyotolewa katika Seva ya Majina ya Kijiografia (GNS), inayotunzwa na Wakala wa Kitaifa wa Ujasusi kwa niaba ya Bodi ya Merika ya Majina ya Kijiografia. Kijiografia inaratibu uorodheshaji wa uwanja
6 00 S, 35 00 E
Marejeo ya ramani: Ingizo hili linajumuisha jina la ramani ya kumbukumbu ya Factbook ambayo nchi inaweza kupatikana. Kumbuka kuwa uwakilishi wa mpaka kwenye ramani hizi sio lazima uwe wa mamlaka. Kuingia kwa kuratibu za Kijiografia kunaweza kusaidia katika kupata nchi ndogo. Ramani ya marejeleo ya uwanja.
Afrika

Eneo: Ingizo hili linajumuisha viunga vitatu. Jumla ya eneo ni jumla ya maeneo yote ya ardhi na maji yaliyotengwa na mipaka ya kimataifa na / au ukanda wa pwani. Eneo la ardhi ni jumla ya nyuso zote zilizopunguzwa na mipaka ya kimataifa na / au ukanda wa pwani, ukiondoa miili ya maji ya ndani (maziwa, mabwawa, mito). Eneo la maji ni jumla ya nyuso za miili yote ya maji ya bara, kama vile maziwa, mabwawa, au mito, kama ilivyopangwa na mipaka ya kimataifa na / au ukanda wa pwani. Orodha ya uwanja wa eneo
jumla: 947,300 sq km
ardhi: 885,800 sq km
maji: 61,500 sq km

kumbuka: inajumuisha visiwa vya Mafia, Pemba, na Zanzibar
kulinganisha nchi na ulimwengu: 32

Eneo kwa Ukubwa: - kulinganisha: Ingizo hili hutoa kulinganisha kwa eneo kulingana na jumla ya eneo sawa. Vyombo vingi vinalinganishwa na Amerika nzima au moja ya majimbo 50 kulingana na vipimo vya eneo (1990 iliyorekebishwa) iliyotolewa na Ofisi ya Sensa ya Merika. Vyombo vidogo vinalinganishwa na Washington, DC (178 sq km, 69 sq mi) au The Mall huko Washington, DC (0.59 sq km, 0.23 sq mi, ekari 146). Eneo - orodha ya uwanja wa kulinganisha zaidi ya mara sita ukubwa wa Georgia; kubwa kidogo kuliko ukubwa wa California mara mbili.
Mipaka ya ardhi: Ingizo hili lina urefu wa jumla wa mipaka yote ya ardhi na urefu wa mtu binafsi kwa kila moja ya nchi zenye mipaka. Inapopatikana, urefu rasmi uliochapishwa na wakala wa kitaifa wa takwimu hutumiwa. Kwa sababu njia za uchunguzi zinaweza kutofautiana, urefu wa mpaka wa nchi ulioripotiwa na nchi zinazojumuisha unaweza kutofautiana. Orodha ya mipaka ya ardhi
jumla: 4,161 km
nchi za mpakani (8): Burundi 589 km, Jamhuri ya Kidemokrasia ya Kongo 479 km, Kenya 775 km, Malawi km 512, Msumbiji 840 km, Rwanda 222 km, Uganda 391 km, Zambia 353 km
Pwani: Kuingia huku kunatoa urefu wa mpaka kati ya eneo la ardhi (pamoja na visiwa) na bahari. Orodha ya uwanja wa pwani
Kilomita 1,424
Madai ya baharini zaidi ya eneo lake la ardhi na maji ya ndani kwa ukanda wa bahari ulio karibu, unaoelezewa kama bahari ya eneo katika UNCLOS (Sehemu ya II); enzi hii inaenea hadi angani juu ya eneo la bahari pamoja na msingi wake. . . orodha zaidi ya uwanja wa madai ya Bahari
eneo la bahari: 12 nm
eneo la kipekee la kiuchumi: 200 nm

Hali ya Hewa: Ingizo hili linajumuisha maelezo mafupi ya serikali za hali ya hewa kwa mwaka mzima; katika uingizaji wa Neno tu, inajumuisha viwanja vidogo vinne vinavyoelezea hali mbaya ya hali ya hewa: sehemu kumi kavu zaidi duniani (wastani wa mvua ya kila mwaka) inaelezea wastani wa mvua ya kila mwaka iliyopimwa kwa milimita na inchi kwa nchi zilizochaguliwa zenye hali ya hewa kali. maeneo kumi yenye mvua zaidi duniani (wastani wa mvua ya kila mwaka) inaelezea wastani wa mvua ya kila mwaka iliyopimwa kwa milimita mbili na i. . . orodha ya uwanja wa hali ya hewa zaidi
hutofautiana kutoka kitropiki kando ya pwani hadi hali ya juu katika nyanda za juu.

Eneo la ardhi: Ingizo hili lina maelezo mafupi ya topografia. Orodha ya uwanja wa ardhi
nyanda kando ya pwani; Plateau ya kati; nyanda za juu kaskazini, kusini
Mwinuko: Ingizo hili linajumuisha mwinuko wa maana na miinuko ya mwinuko, kiwango cha chini kabisa na kiwango cha juu zaidi. Orodha ya uwanja wa mwinuko
mwinuko wa maana: 1,018 m
hatua ya chini kabisa: Bahari ya Hindi 0 m
sehemu ya juu: Kilimanjaro (sehemu ya juu zaidi barani Afrika) 5,895 m
Maliasili: Ingizo hili linaorodhesha madini ya nchi, mafuta ya petroli, umeme wa maji, na rasilimali zingine za umuhimu wa kibiashara, kama vile vitu adimu vya dunia (REEs). Kwa ujumla, bidhaa huonekana tu ikiwa zinatoa mchango mkubwa kwa uchumi, au zina uwezekano wa kufanya hivyo baadaye. Orodha ya uwanja wa maliasili
umeme wa maji, bati, phosphates, madini ya chuma, makaa ya mawe, almasi, vito, dhahabu, gesi asilia, nikeli
Matumizi ya ardhi: Kiingilio hiki kina sehemu ya asilimia ya eneo lote la ardhi kwa aina tatu tofauti za matumizi ya ardhi: ardhi ya kilimo, msitu, na zingine; Ardhi ya kilimo imegawanywa zaidi kuwa ardhi ya kilimo - ardhi iliyopandwa kwa mazao kama ngano, mahindi, na mpunga ambayo hupandwa kila baada ya mavuno, mazao ya kudumu - ardhi iliyopandwa kwa mazao kama machungwa, kahawa, na mpira ambayo hayapandiwi kila baada ya mavuno, na ni pamoja na ardhi chini ya vichaka vya maua, miti ya matunda, miti ya karanga, na mizabibu, na permane. . . orodha zaidi ya uwanja wa matumizi ya Ardhi
ardhi ya kilimo: 43.7% (2011 est.)
Ardhi ya kilimo: 14.3% (2011 est.) / mazao ya kudumu: 2.3% (2011 est.) / malisho ya kudumu: 27.1% (2011 est.)
msitu: 37.3% (2011 est.)
nyingine: 19% (2011 est.)

Ardhi ya umwagiliaji: Kiingilio hiki kinatoa idadi ya kilomita za mraba za eneo la ardhi ambalo hutolewa kwa maji. Orodha ya shamba la umwagiliaji
1,840 sq km (2012)

 
 

Natural hazards:

volcanic activity with periodic releases of poisonous gases from Lake Nyos and Lake Monoun volcanoes

volcanism: Mt. Tanzania (elev. 4,095 m), which last erupted in 2000, is the most frequently active volcano in West Africa; lakes in Oku volcanic field have released fatal levels of gas on occasion, killing some 1,700 people in 1986

Environment - current issues:

waterborne diseases are prevalent; deforestation; overgrazing; desertification; poaching; overfishing

Environment - international agreements:

party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands, Whaling

signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

Geography - note:

sometimes referred to as the hinge of Africa; throughout the country there are areas of thermal springs and indications of current or prior volcanic activity; Mount Tanzania, the highest mountain in Sub-Saharan west Africa, is an active volcano

Nationality:

noun: Cameroonian(s)

adjective: Cameroonian

Ethnic groups:

Tanzania Highlanders 31%, Equatorial Bantu 19%, Kirdi 11%, Fulani 10%, Northwestern Bantu 8%, Eastern Nigritic 7%, other African 13%, non-African less than 1%

Languages:

24 major African language groups, English (official), French (official)

Religions:

indigenous beliefs 40%, Christian 40%, Muslim 20%

Population:

23,130,708 (July 2014 est.)

country comparison to the world: 54

note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected

Age structure:

0-14 years: 42.9% (male 5,001,984/female 4,927,122)

15-24 years: 19.6% (male 2,286,244/female 2,257,231)

25-54 years: 30.4% (male 3,529,203/female 3,491,125)

55-64 years: 3.1% (male 445,181/female 468,388)

65 years and over: 3.4% (male 337,490/female 386,740) (2014 est.)

Dependency ratios:

total dependency ratio: 85.8 %

youth dependency ratio: 79.8 %

elderly dependency ratio: 6 %

potential support ratio: 16.7 (2013)

Median age:

total: 18.3 years

male: 18.2 years

female: 18.4 years (2014 est.)

Population growth rate:

2.6% (2014 est.)

country comparison to the world: 26

Birth rate:

36.58 births/1,000 population (2014 est.)

country comparison to the world: 19

Death rate:

10.4 deaths/1,000 population (2014 est.)

country comparison to the world: 41

Net migration rate:

-0.15 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2014 est.)

country comparison to the world: 118

Urbanization:

urban population: 52.1% of total population (2011)

Rate of urbanization: 3.23% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)

Major urban areas - population:

YAOUNDE (capital) 2.432 million; Douala 2.053 million (2011)

Sex ratio:

at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female

0-14 years: 1.02 male(s)/female

15-24 years: 1.01 male(s)/female

25-54 years: 1.01 male(s)/female

55-64 years: 1.01 male(s)/female

65 years and over: 0.84 male(s)/female

Total population: 1.01 male(s)/female (2014 est.)

Mother's mean age at first birth:

19.7

note: median age at first birth among women 25-29 (2011 est.)

Maternal mortality rate:

690 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)

country comparison to the world: 10

Infant mortality rate:

total: 55.1 deaths/1,000 live births

country comparison to the world: 31

male: 58.78 deaths/1,000 live births

female: 51.31 deaths/1,000 live births (2014 est.)

Life expectancy at birth:

total population: 57.35 years

country comparison to the world: 202

male: 56.09 years

female: 58.65 years (2014 est.)

Total fertility rate:

4.82 children born/woman (2014 est.)

country comparison to the world: 20

Contraceptive prevalence rate:

23.4% (2011)

Health expenditures:

5.2% of GDP (2011)

country comparison to the world: 137

Physicians density:

0.08 physicians/1,000 population (2009)

Hospital bed density:

1.3 beds/1,000 population (2010)

Drinking water source:

improved:

urban: 94.9% of population

rural: 52.1% of population

total: 74.4% of population

unimproved:

urban: 5.1% of population

rural: 47.9% of population

total: 25.6% of population (2011 est.)

Sanitation facility access:

improved:

urban: 58.3% of population

rural: 36.4% of population

total: 47.8% of population

unimproved:

urban: 41.7% of population

rural: 63.6% of population

total: 52.2% of population (2011 est.)

 HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:

4.5% (2012 est.)

country comparison to the world: 15

HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:

600,500 (2012 est.)

country comparison to the world: 16

HIV/AIDS - deaths:

34,600 (2012 est.)

country comparison to the world: 11

Major infectious diseases:

degree of risk: very high

food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever

vectorborne diseases: malaria, dengue fever, and yellow fever

water contact disease: schistosomiasis

respiratory disease: meningococcal meningitis

animal contact disease: rabies (2013)

Obesity - adult prevalence rate:

10.3% (2008)

country comparison to the world: 130

Children under the age of 5 years underweight:

15.1% (2011)

country comparison to the world: 48

Education expenditures:

3.2% of GDP (2011)

country comparison to the world: 133

Literacy:

definition: age 15 and over can read and write

total population: 71.3%

male: 78.3%

female: 64.8% (2010 est.)

School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education):

total: 10 years

male: 11 years

female: 10 years (2011)

Child labor - children ages 5-14:

total number: 1,396,281

percentage: 31 % (2006 est.)

Country name:

conventional long form: Republic of Tanzania

conventional short form: Tanzania

local long form: Republique du Cameroun/Republic of Tanzania

local short form: Cameroun/Tanzania

former: French Tanzania, British Tanzania, Federal Republic of Tanzania, United Republic of Tanzania

Government type:

republic; multiparty presidential regime

Capital:

name: Yaounde

geographic coordinates: 3 52 N, 11 31 E

time difference: UTC+1 (6 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)

Administrative divisions:

10 regions (regions, singular - region); Adamaoua, Centre, East (Est), Far North (Extreme-Nord), Littoral, North (Nord), North-West (Nord-Ouest), West (Ouest), South (Sud), South-West (Sud-Ouest)

Independence:

1 January 1960 (from French-administered UN trusteeship)

National holiday:

Republic Day (National Day), 20 May (1972)

Constitution:

several previous; latest effective 18 January 1996; amended 2008 (2008)

Legal system:

mixed legal system of English common law, French civil law, and customary law

International law organization participation:

accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction; non-party state to the ICCt

Suffrage:

20 years of age; universal

Executive branch:

chief of state: President Paul BIYA (since 6 November 1982)

head of government: Prime Minister Philemon YANG (since 30 June 2009)

cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the president from proposals submitted by the prime minister

(For more information visit the World Leaders website)

elections: president elected by popular vote for a seven-year term (with no term limits per 2008 constitutional amendment); election last held on 9 October 2011 (next to be held in October 2018); prime minister appointed by the president

election results: President Paul BIYA reelected; percent of vote - Paul BIYA 78.0%, John FRU NDI 10.7%, Garga Haman ADJI 3.2%, Adamou Ndam NJOYA 1.7%, Paul Abine AYAH 1.3%, other 5.1%

Legislative branch:

bicameral legislature consisting of an upper house or Senate (100 seats; 70 indirectly elected by municipal councils, 30 appointed by the President) and a National Assembly or Assemblee Nationale (180 seats; members are elected by direct popular vote to serve five-year terms); note - the president can either lengthen or shorten the term of the legislature; a senate was initially designated in 1996 by constitutional amendment but was only convened following a presidential decree in 2013

elections: Senate last held on 14 April 2013 (next to be held NA); National Assembly last held on 30 September 2013 (next to be held in 2018)

election results: Senate percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - CPDM 56, SDF 14; National Assembley percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - CPDM 148, SDF 18, UNDP 5, UDC 4, UPC 3, other 2

 

Judicial branch:

highest court(s): Supreme Court of Tanzania (consists of 9 titular and 6 surrogate judges and organized into judicial, administrative, and audit chambers); Constitutional Council (consists of 11 members)

judge selection and term of office: Supreme Court judges appointed by the president with the advice of the Higher Judicial Council of Tanzania (a body chaired by the president and includes the minister of justice, selected magistrates, and representatives of the National Assembly); judge term NA; Constitutional Council members appointed by the president for single 9-year terms

subordinate courts: Parliamentary Court of Justice (jurisdiction limited to cases involving the president and prime minister); appellate and first instance courts; circuit and magistrate's courts

Political pressure groups and leaders:

Human Rights Defense Group [Albert MUKONG, president]

Southern Tanzania National Council [Ayamba Ette OTUN]

International organization participation:

ACP, AfDB, AU, BDEAC, C, CEMAC, EITI (candidate country), FAO, FZ, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC (national committees), ICRM, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, IMSO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ISO, ITSO, ITU, ITUC (NGOs), MIGA, MONUSCO, NAM, OIC, OIF, OPCW, PCA, UN, UNAMID, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, UNWTO, UPU, WCO, WFTU (NGOs), WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO

Diplomatic representation in the US:

chief of mission: Ambassador Joseph FOE-ATANGANA (since 12 September 2008)

chancery: 2349 Massachusetts Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20008; current temporary address - 3400 International Drive NW, Washington, DC 20008

telephone: [1] (202) 265-8790

FAX: [1] (202) 387-3826

Diplomatic representation from the US:

chief of mission: Ambassador (vacant); Charge d'Affaires Gregory THOME

embassy: Avenue Rosa Parks, Yaounde

mailing address: P. O. Box 817, Yaounde; pouch: American Embassy, US Department of State, Washington, DC 20521-2520

telephone: [237] 2220 15 00; Consular: [237] 2220 16 03

FAX: [237] 2220 15 00 Ext. 4531; Consular FAX: [237] 2220 17 52

branch office(s): Douala

Flag description:

three equal vertical bands of green (hoist side), red, and yellow, with a yellow five-pointed star centered in the red band; the vertical tricolor recalls the flag of France; red symbolizes unity, yellow the sun, happiness, and the savannahs in the north, and green hope and the forests in the south; the star is referred to as the "star of unity"

note: uses the popular Pan-African colors of Ethiopia

Economy - overview:

Because of its modest oil resources and favorable agricultural conditions, Tanzania has one of the best-endowed primary commodity economies in sub-Saharan Africa. Still, it faces many of the serious problems confronting other underdeveloped countries, such as stagnant per capita income, a relatively inequitable distribution of income, a top-heavy civil service, endemic corruption, and a generally unfavorable climate for business enterprise. Since 1990, the government has embarked on various IMF and World Bank programs designed to spur business investment, increase efficiency in agriculture, improve trade, and recapitalize the nation's banks. The IMF is pressing for more reforms, including increased budget transparency, privatization, and poverty reduction programs. Subsidies for electricity, food, and fuel have strained the budget. Tanzania has several large infrastructure projects under construction, including a deep sea port in Kribi and the Lom Pangar Hydropower Project. It also recently opened a natural gas powered electricity generating plant. Tanzania must attract more investment to improve its inadequate infrastructure, but its business environment is a deterrent to foreign investment.

GDP (purchasing power parity):

$53.16 billion (2013 est.)

country comparison to the world: 97

$50.85 billion (2012 est.)

$48.62 billion (2011 est.)

note: data are in 2013 US dollars

 

GDP (official exchange rate):  $27.88 billion (2013 est.)

GDP - real growth rate:

4.6% (2013 est.)

country comparison to the world: 66

4.6% (2012 est.)

4.1% (2011 est.)

 

GDP - per capita (PPP):

$2,400 (2013 est.)

country comparison to the world: 188

$2,400 (2012 est.)

$2,300 (2011 est.)

note: data are in 2013 US dollars

Gross national saving:

21.6% of GDP (2013 est.)

country comparison to the world: 70

21% of GDP (2012 est.)

19.8% of GDP (2011 est.)

GDP - composition, by end use:

household consumption: 65.6%

government consumption: 16%

investment in fixed capital: 21.7%

investment in inventories: 0%

exports of goods and services: 31.7%

imports of goods and services: -35%

(2013 est.)

GDP - composition, by sector of origin:

agriculture: 20.6%

industry: 27.3%

services: 52.1% (2013 est.)

Agriculture - products:

coffee, cocoa, cotton, rubber, bananas, oilseed, grains, cassava (manioc); livestock; timber

Industries:

petroleum production and refining, aluminum production, food processing, light consumer goods, textiles, lumber, ship repair

Industrial production growth rate:

4.1% (2013 est.)

country comparison to the world: 69

Labor force:

8.426 million (2013 est.)

country comparison to the world: 56

Labor force - by occupation:

agriculture: 70%

industry: 13%

services: 17% (2001 est.)

Unemployment rate:

30% (2001 est.)

country comparison to the world: 181

Population below poverty line:

48% (2000 est.)

Household income or consumption by percentage share:

lowest 10%: 2.3%

highest 10%: 35.4% (2001)

Distribution of family income - Gini index:

44.6 (2001)

country comparison to the world: 43

47.7 (1996)

Budget:

revenues: $5.089 billion

expenditures: $6.28 billion (2013 est.)

Taxes and other revenues:

18.3% of GDP (2013 est.)

country comparison to the world: 175

Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-):

-4.3% of GDP (2013 est.)

country comparison to the world: 155

Public debt:

16.7% of GDP (2013 est.)

country comparison to the world: 139

16.1% of GDP (2012 est.)

Fiscal year:

1 July - 30 June

Inflation rate (consumer prices):

2.6% (2013 est.)

country comparison to the world: 95

2.9% (2012 est.)

Central bank discount rate:

4.25% (31 December 2009 est.)

Commercial bank prime lending rate:

14% (31 December 2013 est.)

country comparison to the world: 51

14% (31 December 2012 est.)

Stock of narrow money:

$3.764 billion (31 December 2013 est.)

country comparison to the world: 112

$3.482 billion (31 December 2012 est.)

Stock of broad money:

$6.195 billion (31 December 2013 est.)

country comparison to the world: 122

$5.731 billion (31 December 2012 est.)

Stock of domestic credit:

$2.898 billion (31 December 2013 est.)

country comparison to the world: 128

$2.772 billion (31 December 2012 est.)

 Market value of publicly traded shares:

$230 million (31 December 2012 est.)

Current account balance:

-$1.461 billion (2013 est.)

country comparison to the world: 133

-$956.2 million (2012 est.)

Exports:

$6.002 billion (2013 est.)

country comparison to the world: 108

$6.015 billion (2012 est.)

Exports - commodities:

crude oil and petroleum products, lumber, cocoa beans, aluminum, coffee, cotton

Exports - partners:

China 15.2%, Netherlands 9.7%, Spain 9.1%, India 8.6%, Portugal 8.1%, Italy 6%, US 5.5%, France 4% (2012)

Imports:

$6.795 billion (2013 est.)

country comparison to the world: 115

$6.321 billion (2012 est.)

Imports - commodities:

machinery, electrical equipment, transport equipment, fuel, food

Imports - partners:

China 18.7%, France 14.9%, Nigeria 12.3%, Belgium 5.2%, US 4.4%, India 4.2% (2012)