Uko hapa: NyumbaniBiasharaUchumiForeign Trade

Country profile Tanzania

Tanzania flag Tanzania: Economic and Political Overview

Economy Trade Figures Government & Politics

Takwimu za Biashara za nje za Tanzania

Biashara za Kigeni katika Takwimu

Tanzania iko wazi kwa biashara ya nje, ambayo inawakilisha asilimia 32.6 ya Pato la Taifa. Sera ya biashara ya nchi hiyo inakusudia kuunda viwanda vya ndani ambavyo vina ushindani zaidi na kubadilisha sekta yake ya usafirishaji ili kuhamasisha ukuaji wa uchumi. Tanzania hasa inauza dhahabu (36.8%); nazi, karanga za brazil na karanga za korosho (13%); tumbaku (4.7%); samaki (3.4%), na kahawa (3%). Uagizaji mkubwa ni mafuta ya mafuta ya petroli (18.1%), dawa (4.4%), mafuta ya kiganja (3.3%), ngano na meslin (2%), na magari ya gari (2%).

Washirika wakuu wa biashara Tanzania ni India, Uchina, Afrika Kusini, UAE, Vietnam, Kenya, Saudi Arabia, Afrika Kusini, na Uswizi. Ushuru wa forodha wa chini (kiwango cha wastani cha ushuru kinachotumika ni 7%) na vizuizi vichache vya biashara hufanya nchi iweze kupatikana kwa urahisi kwa biashara ya kimataifa. Vizuizi vya biashara hasa ni vya asili na isiyo ya ushuru. Kwa mfano, kuongezeka kwa trafiki ndani na nje ya bandari ya Dar es salaam - bandari kuu ya kuingia na kutoka kwa bidhaa kwa Tanzania na nchi zake zilizofungiwa ardhi (Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi na Zambia) - haijafuatiwa na hitaji muhimu uwekezaji wa miundombinu. Hii ni moja ya vizuizi vikuu vya kufanya biashara na nchi hizi. Barabara na reli zinazohifadhiwa vibaya pia hufanya biashara kuwa ngumu. Walakini, serikali imezindua idadi kubwa ya miradi ya kuboresha miundombinu. Kupata vibali vya ujenzi, kusajili ardhi, na malipo ya ushuru bado ni ngumu. Kwa kuongezea, Tanzania ni mwanachama wa Jumuiya ya Afrika Mashariki (EAC) na Soko la Pamoja la Afrika Mashariki na Kusini (COMESA), na kwa hivyo, nchi hiyo ina uhusiano wa kibiashara na nchi wanachama na vile vile EU na Amerika.

Tanzania ina shida ya nakisi na kuongezeka kwa biashara ya uhaba kwani huagiza nje mara mbili ya vile inauza usafirishaji. Walakini, kwa sababu ya kuongezeka kwa umeme wa nchi na makaa ya mawe, nakisi inatarajiwa kupungua sana katika miaka ijayo. Mnamo mwaka wa 2017, Tanzania ilisafisha dola bilioni 34.33 na kuingiza bilioni11.68 bilioni za bidhaa na huduma, na kusababisha usawa mzuri wa kibiashara wa dola bilioni 3.3.

 
Foreign Trade Values 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Imports of Goods (million USD) 11,998 10,285 9,611 9,300 8,818
Exports of Goods (million USD) 5,046 4,924 5,072 4,113 3,982
Imports of Services (million USD) 2,599 2,569 2,088 1,952 1,985
Exports of Services (million USD) 3,376 3,665 3,720 3,830 3,749

Source: World Trade Organisation (WTO) ; Latest available data

Foreign Trade Indicators 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Foreign Trade (in % of GDP) 48.6 45.4 40.8 35.4 32.2
Trade Balance (million USD) -5,771 -5,724 -4,441 -2,766 n/a
Trade Balance (Including Service) (million USD) -5,058 -4,996 -3,699 -1,315 n/a
Imports of Goods and Services (Annual % Change) 11.0 2.9 -6.0 1.6 n/a
Exports of Goods and Services (Annual % Change) 0.6 17.7 23.3 -11.7 n/a
Imports of Goods and Services (in % of GDP) 29.6 27.3 23.7 19.1 17.1
Exports of Goods and Services (in % of GDP) 19.0 18.1 17.1 16.3 15.1

Source: World Bank ; Latest available data

 

Main Partner Countries

Main Customers
(% of Exports)
2018
Rwanda 18.7%
Kenya 9.2%
Zambia 7.3%
Uganda 5.3%
United States 4.1%
See More Countries 55.4%
Main Suppliers
(% of Imports)
2018
China 20.7%
India 14.3%
United Arab Emirates 10.2%
Saudi Arabia 6.7%
South Africa 5.1%
See More Countries 43.0%

Source: Comtrade, 2019. Because of rounding, the sum of the percentages may be smaller/greater than 100%.

 
 

Main Products

Source: Comtrade, 2019. Because of rounding, the sum of the percentages may be smaller/greater than 100%.

 
 

To go further, check out our service Import Export Flows.

 

Main Services

Source: United Nations Statistics Division, 2016. Because of rounding, the sum of the percentages may be smaller/greater than 100%.

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Latest Update: April 2020